International law is crucial for the development and control of international relation. International laws define nature, limits, and extent of relation among countries. The basic purpose of these laws is to protect human rights from abuse by states and protect businesses. There are various types of international laws developed by different organizations. Most of these organizations are international, and they seek to develop new laws to control an existing social problem. The following discussion indulges on the role of international organization in the development and enforcement of international law.
To understand the role played by international firms in the development and enforcement of international laws, it is crucial to understanding the definition of international law. International laws are the rules and regulations that apply to many states in the world, which are governed by international organizations created by the states that support the laws (Kent, 2002, p. 117). For instance, International Criminal Court prosecutes individuals who commit crimes against humanity, and their jurisdiction has failed to prosecute them. Several political leaders from Africa have appeared before the court to answer charges of violation of human rights leading to death. The court is an international organization that ensures human rights are observed by members’ states. It principal role is to ensure the implementation of UN charter of human rights that govern human rights (Kingsbury and Casini, 2009, p.329). International organizations such as UN has developed various laws such environmental laws and children and women laws to protect the vulnerable in the society. They play a crucial role in law creation and implementation. Laws are formulated by the respective department in the UN or by members’ states during their meetings. During these meetings, the new laws can be formulated or old ones improved to ensure justice and equitability. Most of the international organizations are NGO’s that receive funding from sponsors and other well-wishers (Teegen Doh & Vachani, 2004, p.450). Their aim is to identify areas affecting society and formulating laws to protect those affected.
There are various international organizations with different objectives. Despite their difference the long-term aim is similar, which is making the environment habitable by making sure that everyone is responsible for his or her own actions (Kingsbury and Casini, 2009, p.322). For an organization to qualify as an NGO, it needs to be independent of the state, this means that a state cannot influence its actions. Membership to an NGO should be voluntary, and all parties should be equally represented. In addition, an NGO should be legally registered for it to be recognized. There are different sources of international laws used in the development of international they include; first, customary laws. These are laws developed by different states from their traditional laws. Such laws should not be in violation of any statute or against justice. They are developed in the context that they apply to different nations, and they will follow them considering that they are of a different culture. To determine their use, the international organization developing it must ensure that it solves a moral issue in the society (Teegen, Doh & Vachani, 2004, p.32). The second source is treaty developed between or among countries. Such treaty could include trade such as COMESA or peace treaty. The states in the treaty are legally controlled by the agreement, and they have to observe all the requirements. In case of any disagreement, any party involved can seek legal redress in ICC to determine if any state disobeyed the law. During adjudication, the presiding judges have to really on the terms of the agreement to determine the outcome of the case. This is a crucial role played by international organizations, of ensuring peaceful conflict resolution (Teegen Doh & Vachani, 2004, p.464). In some situation, the international organization can resolve to use force by asking member countries to contribute soldiers and weapons to force a country to follow the agreement.
UN has allowed in some situation some countries to use force to solve a conflict if it is the only solution available for the state. For instance, countries faced by terrorism threats have been given a green light to proceed with military action against a state that perpetrates the violence. This occurs when the threat posed is high and can lead to mass loss of human lives and property. The intervention is guided by the regulation imposed on the use force in a particular group or nation. International organizations have also played a significant role in the political stability of various nations especially the developing states (Teegen, Doh & Vachani, 2004, p.26). In some developing countries, the fight for political power and control has resulted in massive loss of life and property, in addition, human rights have been violated. The international community plays a major role in such situations where it is actively involved in conflict resolution and taking care of the affected in the society. This led to the development of refugees’ rules that help in governing the refugee operation (Hathaway, 2002, p.31). For instance, a country cannot force refugees back to their country especially when there is an imminent danger or threat to their lives. Refugee protection is a critical role played by international organizations to ensure that each that life is protected, and their basic human rights are observed (Kingsbury and Casini, 2009, p.332).
World Health Organization has played an important role in ensuring that laws regulating health are developed and implemented. The organization deals with any health risk affect a huge population such as malaria, which has led to the death of many people (Kent, 2002, p. 27). They provide medical equipment, expertise, and other assistance to member states affected by the diseases. United Nation also formulated environmental laws to control the global warming effects and the danger posed by environmental pollution. They lobby member states to adopt their policies to protect the environment and reduce its effects on humans. Lobbying is a crucial role played by international communities to ensure that certain laws are observed by states (Teegen, Doh & Vachani, 2004, p.36). For instance, the gay community has formed an internal organization, which is involved in lobbying different states to allow gay marriage. They offer assistance in legal ratification and advice to states on the issue of gay marriage (Hathaway, 2002, p.41).
In conclusion, international communities have played an active role in ensuring peace between countries. In addition, they play a fundamental role in ensuring human rights are observed by different countries in the world. On the political front, they ensure good governance and adherence to human rights by the political powers. ICC is responsible for adjudicating on any issue between countries or in a country that violates international laws. They ensure that those who violate laws are punished to ensure justice for the victims.
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